Paragraph number one: define the problem.

    Paragraph number two: explain the importance of solving it.

    Paragraph number three: propose a specific solution in a persuasive way.


    1. An introductory paragraph that contains:
      1. A hook: An open ended, introductory statement that interests your reader and entices them to want to keep reading.
      2. Building of context: Assume that your reader is educated, but not familiar with your topic. You are going to have to inform them of the vital information for them to understand your argument. This may take multiple sentences.
      3. A thesis statement: The last one or two sentences that offer a concise summary of what the main points of your argument will be.


    1. Body paragraphs that contain:
      1. The point of the paragraph.
      2. Evidence that supports your claim/point.
      3. Reasoning that explains how that evidence proves your claim/point.
      4. A concluding sentence that states how your evidence and reasoning have proven your point.


    1. Concluding paragraph that contains:
      1. A re-wording of your thesis statement.
      2. Multiple sentences that explain how you have proven your argument.
      3. A concluding sentence that leaves your reader with a strong final thought and gives reason as to what your audience gained from reading.


    Juanpablo De Leon

    Advanced ELA pd. 5


    The Theme of Control in Shakespeare

                Shakespearean plays are found all throughout history since the famous playwright comprised his works.  His plays have universal themes that have captivated audiences all over the world for centuries. His plays convey stories of love, violence, hatred, comedy, and many other universal human experiences. Two of his plays share a common theme of control in their plots and characters. “A Midsummer Night’s Dream” and “Romeo and Juliet” are two plays that address humanity’s desire to control the actions of others. The lovers in both plays are forbidden to love and experience control in both similar and contrasting ways. Despite the differences of this play, the two plays demonstrate that control is a universal theme, and that it is possible to control the actions of others.

    People in all cultures will experience some sense of control in their lives. Even the earliest civilizations had law and order, as well as a hierarchy of power within a population. Humans have a natural instinct to control, it makes them feel safe and empowered. Ancient civilizations had chiefs and leaders just like the presidents, monarchs, and emperors of modern civilizations. People seek to control their fortunes by pursuing an education, investing time into business ventures, and furthering themselves in social circles. People control others in the form of manipulation, displaying superiority, and at times imposing their physical will upon others. The history of humanity’s obsession with control is what makes this theme so relevant, and what has allowed Shakespeare’s plays to continue to captivate audiences throughout time.

                The two plays have many differences that cause the reader to experience the theme of control in different ways. “A Midsummer Night’s Dream” displays the theme of control in an independent sense. The characters Hermia and Lysander seek to control their destiny by defying their parent’s wishes for Hermia to be married to Demetrius. In a similar situation, Romeo and Juliet defy their parent’s feud by getting married and trying to find a way to bring the two families together. Both of these situations display that one may respond to control from a governing entity such as a parent or the law by taking matters into your own hands. Both pairs of lovers chose to defy law in the name of love. It is clear that as Lysander states to Hermia, “The course of true love never did run smooth.” (A Midsummer Night’s Dream) Control is a universal human desire that people have and will always crave to pursue.

                 Although the plot of the plays “A Midsummer Night’s Dream” and “Romeo and Juliet” both address the theme of control, they do so in different ways. “A Midsummer Night’s Dream” shows how an individual can control others, and that it is possible for someone in power to control the choices of others. Due to the position within the governing body of their society, Theseus was able to declare that the two lovers would get married alongside him and Hippolyta. Egeus tried to object to this, but was shut down and chose to obey his leader. No matter how much Egeus tried to control the situation, Shakespeare showed that is it possible to control someone else’s actions. In “Romeo and Juliet” the two families, the Montagues and the Capulets, attempt to control the social status of the rival family with violence. Both families struggled to keep the peace in spite of the fact that the prince ordered peace by penalty of death. This example indicates that although control is possible, complete control of a situation and the people involved can prove to be difficult. This play still proved that it is possible to control others through taking advantage of their emotions. Romeo and Juliet were hopelessly in love, and Friar Lawrence took advantage of this situation with an intention to bring peace to the families. The friar used the two lovers to solve a problem that Romeo and Juliet were not even concerned with. The main similarity in these plays is that they demonstrate that people do, in fact, have the power to control others.

                Humanity, with all of its flaws and abilities to change and adapt, has many constant factors that comprise our daily existence. This has always and will always continue to be true. Just as humans desire and seek love, excitement, fulfillment, they also seek to control the outcome of their lives and the actions of people around them. It is for this reason that William Shakespeare’s works continue to be relevant, hundreds of years after his death. Plays such as “Romeo and Juliet” and “A Midsummer Night’s Dream” display this theme of control that continues to be a relatable topic to all who experience this performance. It is possible that all people may not understand the motives behind all of their actions, but it is evident that a major factor is their need to feel empowered by being in control.