Assistive Technology (AT)
Assistive Technology (AT) is any item, piece of equipment, software program, or product system that is used to increase, maintain, or improve the functional capabilities of persons with disabilities. Assistive technology helps people who have difficulty speaking, typing, writing, remembering, pointing, seeing, hearing, learning, walking, and many other things.
- AT can be low-tech: communication boards made of cardboard or fuzzy felt
- AT can be high-tech: special-purpose computers or tablets
- AT can be hardware: prosthetics, mounting systems, and positioning devices
- AT can be computer hardware: special switches, keyboards, and pointing devices
- AT can be computer software: screen readers and communication programs
- AT can be inclusive or specialized learning materials and curriculum aids
- AT can be specialized curricular software
- AT can be much more—electronic devices, wheelchairs, walkers, braces, educational software, power lifts, pencil holders, eye-gaze and head trackers, and much more.
Arizona Department of Education Consideration Resource Guides
Universal Design for Learning
Augmentative Alternative Communication (AAC)
This includes any way that people communicate other than using verbal words, such as manual signs, typing or writing, or using symbols to communicate. AAC can be “high-tech” (using an electronic device), "mid-tech" (using a voice recordable, voice output switch or device), “lite tech” (paper-based supports), or “no tech” (gestures, manual sign).